Von Ruchika Gupta
The Adventure CBSE Grade 11 English (Hornbill Book) Lesson, Explanation, Summary, Difficult Words
The Adventure CBSE Class 11 NCERT English (Hornbill Book) Lesson 7 - Detailed explanation of The Adventure lesson along with the meaning of difficult words. Also, the explanation is followed by a summary of the lesson. All exercises and questions and answers given at the end of the lessons have been covered.
Lesson 11 English (Hornbill Book) Chapter 7 – The Adventure
Von Jayant Narlikar
- Introduction to the adventure
- The explanation of the adventure video part 1
- The explanation of the adventure video part 2
- The explanation of the adventure video part 3
- The explanation of the adventure video part 4
- The explanation of the adventure video part 5
- The summary of the adventure.
- The summary of the adventure in Hindi.
- The explanation of the adventure.
- The answers to the adventure questions
- The Adventure Class 11 MCQ Questions Answers
Introduction to the experience lesson
The Adventure chapter is a story about Professor Gangadharpant Gaitonde, who strangely finds himself in another world. He knows it's Pune, but the facts aren't what he believes. He decided to take the Jijamata Express train to Bombay. When he arrived in Bombay everything was different. When he decides to investigate history, he finds some surprising facts. The East India Company was still in power and the Marathas had won the Battle of Panipat. It was different from what he had known and studied. The East India Company was taken by surprise after the events of 1857 and the Mughals won the Battle of Panipat.
Lesson 11 Important Links
|11. Hornbill English Class and Snapshot Explanation, Question and Answer Lessons||Poems from the English Hornbill Book Grade 11|
|Class 11 Snapshot Book Lesson Explanation||Class 11 English Hornbill and Snapbook MCQ|
|Take the free MCQ English test|
Adventure class 7 explainer video, part 1
The summary of the adventure.
Professor Gaitonde traveled from Pune to Bombay on the Jijamata Express, a faster train than the Deccan Queen. As he was walking through towns and villages, he met a man named "Khan Sahib" who was talking about his business and various things. They got off at Victoria Terminus station, which was clean and tidy. He had British, Parsi and Anglo-Indian officials everywhere. He was puzzled as to how the East India Company governed the country, as he says they fled after the events of 1857.
He went to Hornby Road and noticed that business was different. He entered the Forbes building and asked for Mr. Vinay Gaitonde, but the receptionist found that no man had ever worked there. He went to the town hall and sat down in the reading room. He took five books related to the story and decided to flip through them one by one and see how the facts had changed. He began researching from the Asoka period to the Third Battle of Panipat.
After the fifth volumeBhausahebanchi Bakhar',He discovered that the Marathas had won the Battle of Panipat and thereafter spread their influence throughout India. He was confused as it was different from what he previously knew. After the victory, India embarked on the path of democracy. Kings no longer ruled and democratic parties had been created. The professor started liking India as he read more about it. It was different from what he thought he saw. This country rose up and was no longer a slave to the white man.
As she flipped through the book, the librarian told her to finish as they were closing the library. It was eight o'clock. He asked if he could take the books with him as he would be back the next morning and stuffed Bakhar's book into his left pocket. He checked into a boarding house and had dinner. He decided to go towards Azad Maidan. He noticed a large crowd heading towards a pandal. A lecture was being given, but he noticed something unusual. The President's chair was empty. The speaker spoke and the crowd kept coming and going.
He couldn't control himself and went to the stage and sat on the chair. The crowd was shocked and told him to get up and leave. He tried to talk to them but they started throwing various objects at him like tomatoes, eggs etc. Soon the crowd moved towards him to scare him away and he was nowhere to be seen.
Then he woke up in a hospital bed and saw Rajendra in front of him. He recounted the entire sequence of events that took place and Rajendra listened in amazement. The professor was confused as to where he was and if he had been in a coma for the past two days. What was the experience you just had? Was it real or not?
Rajendra explained that this happened because of two theories: catastrophe theory and the lack of determinism in quantum theory. The catastrophe theory states that a small change in any situation can lead to a change in behavior. In fact, the Marathas lost their leader - Bhausaheb and Vishwarao - and thus the battle. But the Master saw that the bullet missed and that Vishwarao was not dead.
Then the teacher showed him the torn page of Bachar's book that he had in his pocket. Rajendra read it carefully and told him that realities might be different for different people. What you thought happened is a disastrous experience.
Rajendra told him that with electrons, you cannot predict which path an electron will take at any given moment. He told him it was the lack of determinism in quantum theory and explained what that meant. In one world the electron can be found here, and in another it can be found elsewhere, but in the third world. It can be in different places. Once the observer knows the correct position of the electrons in each world, it may happen that an alternative world exists at the same time.
So the professor was in two different worlds at the time. He had a real life experience in an alternate reality and came back from another world. Both worlds had different stories and different events. The professor wanted to know why he was the one who made the transition. Rajendra told him that at the time of the truck collision, the professor was pondering the theory of catastrophes and their role in the war. He was also thinking about the Battle of Panipat at the time, so the neurons in his brain acted as triggers and transitions.
The professor has been in this alternate world for the past two days.
Adventure class 7 explainer video, part 2
The summary of the adventure in Hindi.
Professor Gaitonde traveled from Pune to Bombay on the Jijamata Express, a faster train than the Deccan Queen. As he was walking through towns and villages, he met a man named "Khan Sahib" who was talking about his business and many other things.
They got off at Victoria Terminus station, which was clean and tidy. Around him were British officials, Parsi and Anglo-Indian officials. He was puzzled as to how the East India Company governed the country, as he says they fled after the events of 1857.
He went to Hornby Road and noticed that business was different. He entered the Forbes building and asked for Mr. Vinay Gaitonde, but as the receptionist testified, no such person had ever worked there before.
He went to the town hall and sat down in the reading room. He took five books related to the story and decided to read them one by one and see how the facts had changed. He began his research from the time of Ashoka to the Third Battle of Panipat. According to the fifth volume, Bhausahebanchi Bakhar, he learned that the Marathas had won the Battle of Panipat and then spread their influence throughout India.
He was confused because it was different from what he had previously known. After the victory, India embarked on the path of democracy. No king reigned and democratic parties were founded.
The professor started liking India as he read more about it. It was different from what he thought he saw. This country knew how to sustain itself and was no longer a slave to the white man.
As she read the book, the librarian asked her to finish reading it as they were closing the library. It was eight o'clock. He asked if he could take the books with him as he would be back the next morning and put the torn book in his left pocket.
He checked into a boarding house and had dinner. He decided to go towards Azad Maidan. He saw a large crowd heading towards a pandal. A lecture was being given, but he noticed something unusual. The President's chair was vacant. The speaker spoke and the crowd kept coming and going.
He couldn't control himself and went to the stage and sat on the chair. The crowd was perplexed and began urging him to get up and leave. He tried to talk to them but they started eating things like tomatoes, eggs etc. Soon the crowd rushed to chase him away and he was nowhere to be seen.
Afterwards, he wakes up in the hospital bed and sees Rajendra in front of him. He narrated the entire sequence of events that took place and Rajendra was amazed to hear it. The professor was confused as to where he was and if he had been in a coma for the past two days. Whether the experience he had just had was real or not.
Rajendra explained that this happened because of two theories: catastrophe theory and the lack of determinism in quantum theory. The catastrophe theory states that even a small change in a situation can lead to a change in behavior. In fact, the Marathas lost their leaders, Bhausaheb and Vishwarao, and thus lost the battle.
But the Master saw that the bullet missed and Vishwarao did not die. The professor then showed him the torn page of the destroyed book he had in his pocket. Rajendra read it carefully and told him that realities might be different for different people. What he thought was a horrific experience.
Rajendra told them that with electrons, you cannot predict which path an electron will take. They told him there was a lack of determinism in quantum theory and explained what that meant. In one world the electron is found here and in another world elsewhere, but in the third world it can be found in other places.
Once the observer knows the exact location of the electrons in each world, it may happen that an alternate world exists at the same time.
So the professor was in two different worlds at the time. He had a real life experience in an alternate reality and came back from the other world. Both worlds had different stories and different events. The professor wanted to know why he was the man who would change.
Rajendra tells them that at the time of the truck accident, the professor was pondering the theory of catastrophes and their role in the war. He was also thinking about the Battle of Panipat at the time, so the neurons in his brain acted as triggers and he sweated. The professor has been in this alternate world for the past two days.
Adventure class 7 explainer video, part 3
The lesson and explanation of the adventure.
Ticket:The Jijamata Express covered the Pune-Mumbai* route significantly faster than the Deccan Queen. There were no industrial areas outside of Pune. The first stop, Lonavala, arrived in 40 minutes.
The following section of the ghat was no different from what he knew. The train only stopped briefly in Karjat and continued at even higher speed. It rumbled through Kalyan.
Meanwhile, in Bombay, Professor Gaitonde's racing mind has devised a plan of action. In fact, as a historian, he felt he should have thought about it sooner. I went to a large library and flipped through the history books. That was the surest way to find out how the current state of affairs came about. He also planned to return to Pune and have a long talk with Rajendra Deshpande that would surely help him understand what had happened.
That is, assuming there was someone named Rajendra Deshpande in this world!
The train stopped behind the long tunnel. It was a small station called Sarhad. A uniformed Anglo-Indian walked past the train and checked the permits.
meaning of the word
counties– towns or villages
roared– move at high speed and make loud noises
Allow- empower to do something
Explanation of the above passage- Professor Gaitonde traveled on the Jijamata Express train which ran on the Pune-Mumbai route and was faster than the Deccan Queen. The train's first stop was Lonavala, which it reached in 40 minutes. The professor noted that there were no industrial cities outside of the city of Pune. Next stop was the Ghat section which was similar to what the teacher already knew. The train headed towards the next town, Karjat, accelerating faster than before. When the train was in Kalyan, it was moving at high speed.
The professor devised a plan to follow when he reached the city of Bombay. He was a historian who felt he should have planned earlier to go to the great library and look at the history books there. I wanted to know what is the current situation in India by studying different events. He also planned to return to Pune after his job ended and meet with Rajendra Deshpande for a current affairs chat.
He thought about it and assumed if a person named Rajendra Deshpande existed in this world. As he was thinking when the train stopped behind a long tunnel at a place called "Sarhad". He saw a uniformed Anglo-Indian cross the train to check the driver's license.
Ticket:“Here begins the British Raj. Going for the first time I guess? asked Khan Sahib.
"Yes." The answer was factually correct. Gangadharpant had never been to Bombay before. He ventured a question: "And, Khan Sahib, how do you get to Peshawar?"
“This train goes to Victoria Terminus*. I'm picking up Frontier Mail at Central tonight.
"How far does that go? In which direction?
“Mumbai to Delhi, then to Lahore, then to Peshawar. A long journey. I will reach Peshawar the day after tomorrow.
After that, Khan Sahib talked a lot about his business and Gangadharpant was willing to listen. Because that way he could feel a little of life in this completely different India. The train now drove through the S-Bahn traffic. The blue wagons had the letters GBMR on the side.
meaning of the word
adventurous– say something that could be seen as an apology
On site- residential area
Explanation of the above passage -While the incident was taking place, a person named "Khan Sahib" asked Gaitonde if he was going to Bombay for the first time, to which he replied "yes". He asked Khan Sahib how he would get to Peshawar. He told him the whole route: the train would first go to Victoria Terminus and then transfer from Headquarters to the 'Frontier Mail' train. The train goes to Delhi and then to Lahore and finally to Peshawar. It was going to be a long two-day journey.
Khan Sahib spoke more of his business to Gangadharpant Gaitonde (Master) who listened willingly. He could taste a different taste of the land than what he saw and knew. The train then passed residential rail traffic and saw a blue wagon with GBMR on the side.
Ticket:"Grand Bombay Metropolitan Railway," explained Khan Sahib. "See that little Union Jack painted on every car? A friendly reminder that we are on British soil."
The train began to slow down past Dadar and only stopped at its destination, Victoria Terminus. The station looked incredibly neat and clean. The team consisted mostly of Anglo-Indians and Parsis, along with a handful of British officers.
Gangadharpant emerged from the train station and found himself in front of an imposing building. The letters proclaimed their identity to those unfamiliar with this Mumbai landmark:
HEADQUARTERS OF THE EAST INDIA HOUSE OF
THE EAST INDIA COMPANIES
Being prepared for many shocks, Professor Gaitonde had not expected this. The East India Company was dissolved shortly after the events of 1857; at least that's what the history books say. Yet here it was, not only alive but thriving. Then history took a different turn, perhaps before 1857. How and when did it happen? I had to find out.
meaning of the word
popped up- developed; begin
proclaimed- announce something officially
flourishing- grow successfully
Explanation of the above passage -Khan Sahib explained the full form of GBMR - Greater Bombay Metropolitan Railway. He even showed her the tiny British flag painted on the carriages, which was a trademark reminding her they were on British soil. As the train passed through Dadar, it stopped at its destination: Victoria Terminus. The station was neat and tidy and staffed by Anglo-Indians and Parsis with a few British officers.
When the professor came out of the train station, he saw a large sign that read 'Headquarters of the East India Company', which aroused the professor's curiosity, as he had not expected this in Bombay. For your knowledge of history, the East India Company was closed after the events of 1857. But here was the company that grew successfully. I was confused as to how the story took a turn. I needed to know what happened.
Ticket:As he walked along Hornby Road, as it was called, he came across a different cluster of shops and office buildings. There was no Handloom House building. In their place were the department stores of Boots and Woolworth, the stately offices of Lloyds, Barclays and other British banks, like a typical English village street.
He turned right onto Home Street and entered the Forbes Building.
"I would like to meet Mr Vinay Gaitonde, please," he told the English receptionist.
He searched the phone book, the employee directory, and then the employee directory for all of the company's branches. He shook his head and said, "I'm afraid I can't find anyone by that name either here or in any of our branches. Are you sure he works here?
That was a hit, not entirely unexpected. If he himself was dead in this world, what guarantee did he have that his son would live? In fact, he may not even be born yet!
He thanked the girl politely and left. It was characteristic of him not to worry about where he would stay. His main concern was to go to the Asian Society library to solve the riddle of the story. He had a quick lunch at a restaurant and went to City Hall.
meaning of the word
Puzzle- Riddles or Riddles
Explanation of the above passage -As the professor passed Hornby Road in Bombay, he noticed a different line of shops on the street. The Handloom House Building no longer existed, but the Boots and Woolworth department store and the offices of Lloyds, Barclays and other British-origin banks did. It was like a high street in England.
He entered the Forbes building on Home Street. He asked the receptionist for Mr Vinay Gaitonde. He searched the entire phone book and employee directory for a long time, but found nothing. She told him that there is no such person in any branch of the company.
He was surprised and hadn't expected it. He thought about what would happen if he didn't live in this world.
He left the building and went to a restaurant for lunch. Then he went to the "town hall".
Ticket:Yes, to her relief, the town hall and library were housed there. He went into the reading room and asked for a list of history books, including his own.
His five volumes duly landed on his desk. It started all over again. Volume one took the story up to the Ashoka period, volume two to Samudragupta, volume three to Mohammad Ghori and volume four to Aurangzeb's death. Up to that time, history was as he knew it. Obviously the change had taken place in the last volume.
Gangadharpant read volume five in from both sides and finally came together just as the story took a different turn.
meaning of the word
converges- He knew
Necessary- exact; necessary
Explanation of the above passage -He reached the town hall, which housed a library. He entered the reading room and went to the history books. He took five volumes and began reading from the beginning. Volume one dealt with Ashoka's time, another with Samudragupta, the third with Mohammad Ghori and the fourth volume with Aurangzeb's death. He noted that the last volume had some changes. After reading volume five, he knew exactly when the story changed.
Ticket:This page of the book described the battle of Panipat and mentioned that it was won handsomely by the Marathas. Abdali was defeated and pursued to Kabul by the triumphant Maratha army led by Sadashivrao Bhau and his nephew, young Vishwasrao.
The book does not give a detailed account of the battle itself. Instead, he detailed its implications for the struggle for power in India. Gangadharpant read the report eagerly. The writing style was distinctive, but he was reading the story for the first time!
His victory in the battle was not only a great morale boost for the Marathas, but also established their supremacy in northern India. The East India Company, which had been watching these developments from the sidelines, got the message and temporarily put its expansion program on hold.
meaning of the word
Count shot by shott - a detailed account
with enthusiasm- with great interest
Moral Booster– anything that boosts self-confidence
supremacy- the state of being superior to others
expansionist– a supporter of the policy of territorial or economic expansion
Explanation of the above passage -He learned that the Marathas had won the battle of Panipat. Abdali was pursued to Kabul by the successful Maratha army led by Sadashivrao Bhau and his nephew.
The book did not contain detailed information about the war, but went into detail about power struggles in India. The professor read the report with great interest. Although he acknowledged that the writing style was his own, he had no recollection of writing it. After the war, the Marathas established their supremacy in the northern region of India, which was also a big boost in confidence for them.
The East India Company was sidelined and abandoned its expansion program.
Ticket:For the Peshwa, the immediate result was an increase in the influence of Bhausaheb and Vishwasrao, who eventually succeeded their father in 1780 AD. The troublemaker Dadasaheb was pushed into the background and eventually withdrew from national politics.
To his dismay, the East India Company found their opponent in the new Maratha ruler, Vishwasrao. Combining political acumen with courage, he and his brother Madhavrao systematically expanded their influence across India. The Company, like its European rivals the Portuguese and French, was reduced to pockets of influence near Bombay, Calcutta* and Madras*.
For political reasons, the Peshwas kept alive the Mughal puppet regime in Delhi. In the 19th century, these de facto rulers of Pune were wise enough to see the importance of the burgeoning technological age in Europe. They established their own science and technology centers. Here the East India Company saw another opportunity to expand its influence. They offered help and experts.
They were only accepted to make local centers self-sufficient.
meaning of the word
dismounted to- assigned a lower rank
political acumen- political intelligentsia
Valentina- great courage in battle
As a matter of fact– actually existing with or without legal force
Cracked -cracked; sensitive
Explanation of the above passage -For the Maratha ruler, the influence of Bhausaheb and Vishwarao increased. Vishwarao succeeded his father in 1780 AD. Dadasaheb was relegated to a lower position and retired from state politics. The East India Company met their rival at Vishwarao. Vishwarao and his brother Madhavrao expanded their influence across India with their political intelligence and courage on the battlefield. In addition to European, Portuguese and French influence, the company only had influence in a few cities in India such as Mumbai, Kolkata and Madras.
The Marathas kept the Mughal government alive for political reasons. In the 19th century, rulers were wise enough to recognize the importance of increasing technology in Europe. On the other hand, the East India Company expanded their influence by offering help and experts in the region, where they were only accepted as local centers.
Ticket:The 20th century brought new Western-inspired changes. India has moved towards democracy. By this time the Peshwas had lost their company and were gradually being replaced by democratically elected bodies. The Delhi Sultanate even survived this transition, mainly because it did not exercise royal influence. The Shahenshah of Delhi was nothing more than a figurehead to seal the "recommendations" of the central parliament.
As he read, Gangadharpant began to appreciate the India he had seen. It was a country that had not been enslaved by the whites; he had learned to stand tall and knew what self-respect was. From a position of strength and for purely commercial reasons, it allowed the British to hold Bombay as the only outpost on the subcontinent. That treaty expired in 2001, according to a 1908 treaty. Gangadharpant couldn't help but compare the land he knew to what he witnessed around him.
At the same time, he felt his investigations were incomplete. How did the Marathas win the battle? To find the answer, you'll need to look for accounts of the battle itself.
meaning of the word
Galionsfigur- a sculpture; Picture
advanced release– a small military camp that served as a guard
Explanation of the above passage -India was a western-inspired democratic country in the 20th century. The Marathas Peshwas lost their empire and democratic bodies took their place. The Mughal Sultanate in Delhi survived the transitions because it lacked influence. Mughal rulers were no longer a stamp upon a stamp. The teacher started to like India as he continued reading about it. It was different from what he thought he saw. This country got up and was no longer a slave to the white man. The British made Bombay an outpost in the subcontinent region. According to a 1908 treaty, it would expire in 2001. The professor compared the country he was now experiencing. But he still felt his research was incomplete and wanted to know more answers about the Maratha Battle.
Ticket:He examined the books and magazines in front of him. Finally, among the books, he found one that gave him the clue. wasBhausahebanchi Bakhar.|
Although he rarely relied on the Bakhars for historical evidence, he found them amusing to read. Sometimes, buried in vivid but falsified stories, he managed to see the seeds of truth. He found an agora in a three-line account of how Vishwasrao was almost killed:
And then Vishwasrao led his horse into the melee where the elite troops were fighting and charged them. And God was merciful. A shot grazed his ear. Even a difference of one til (sesame) would have led to its demise.
At eight o'clock the librarian politely reminded the professor that the library was closed for today. Gangadharpant rose from his thoughts. Looking around, he realized that he was the only reader left in this magnificent room.
"Excuse me, sir! May I ask you to keep these books here for me in the morning? By the way, what time do you open?”
"At eight sir." The librarian smiled. Here was a practitioner and researcher right after his heart.
The professor left the table and put some notes in his right pocket. Lost in thought, he also stuffed the bakhar into his left pocket.
meaning of the word
fast no- rarely
manipulated accounts– manipulated accounts related to the story
body to body- a chaotic fight
pushed- push someone roughly
Explanation of the above passage -As he leafed through the books in front of him, he found the clues in one of them, which was Bhausahebanchi Bakhar. He never trusted Bakhar with any historical evidence, but he always found it amusing. Among the manipulated accounts he found the three-line account of Vishwarao and how he was killed. Vishwarao was shot, the bullet grazing his ear as he ran on his horse in a confused struggle. The book said even a sesame seed would have been the reason for his death.
The librarian asked him to finish, as the library would close at eight o'clock in the evening. He realized he was the only one left in the reading room. He asked the librarian if he could have the books and inquired about the library's opening hours. The librarian told him she opened at eight in the morning, and the professor got up from the table. He put the notes in his right pocket and Bakhar's book in his left.
Ticket:He found a boarding house to stay at and ate a modest meal. Then he took a walk to the Azad Maidan.
On the Maidan he found a crowd moving towards a pandal. Then a conference would take place. Force of habit led Professor Gaitonde to the pandal. The conference was going on, although people came and went. But Professor Gaitonde wasn't looking at the audience. He stared at the platform as if hypnotized. There was a table and a chair, but the latter was unoccupied. The empty presidential chair!
The sight moved him deeply. Like a piece of iron being attracted by a magnet, it moved quickly toward the chair.
The speaker stopped in mid-sentence, too surprised to continue. But the public soon found a voice.
"Empty the chair!"
"This series of conferences has no President..."
"Step off the platform, sir!"
"The chair is symbolic, you know?"
How absurd! Who has heard of a public conference without a presiding dignitary? Professor Gaitonde stepped up to the microphone and offered his views. “Ladies and gentlemen, a conference without a chair is like Shakespeare's Hamlet without the Prince of Denmark. Let me tell you..."
meaning of the word
Thrifty– less expensive and easy
crew- a large crowd
gave in- Express feelings
Explanation of the above passage -He found a boarding house where he could stay and eat cheap meat for dinner. He decided to go towards the Azad Maidan and found a large group of people moving towards the pandal. The teacher went to the pandal. There was a conference and people came and went from one place to another. His attention was on the stage. There was an empty table and chair. The presidential chair also remained vacant. He was motivated and went to the chair. The speaker stopped and was surprised to see the teacher sitting in this empty chair. The announcer shouted at him to get up from the chair. He replied that the conference did not have a chair, but the speaker asked him to step aside and said that the chair was iconic. The teacher ignored his instructions and went to the microphone to express his thoughts. He began by saying the vacant chair was like Shakespeare's Hamlet but without the Prince of Denmark.
Ticket:But the public didn't want to listen. "Don't tell us anything. We are fed up with the President's comments, the acknowledgments and the long presentations.”
"We just want to hear the speaker..."
"We have long since done away with the old ways..."
"Please keep the platform empty..."
But Gangadharpant had the experience of speaking at 999 gatherings and facing the Pune public at their most hostile. He kept talking.
Soon he became the target of a rain of tomatoes, eggs and other objects. But he continued to valiantly try to rectify this sacrilege. Eventually the audience stormed the stage to physically throw him out.
And Gangadharpant was nowhere to be seen in the crowd.
meaning of the word
surround- move somewhere in large numbers
Explanation of the above passage -The public didn't want to hear anything. Apparently the old habits had changed now. They no longer believed in the President and his false promises. They asked him to step aside because they only wanted to hear the speaker. But the teacher kept talking, believing he could control the hostile audience. Soon they started throwing tomatoes, eggs and other objects in his direction. He kept trying valiantly, but the audience moved towards him to physically remove him from the platform. The professor was nowhere to be seen in the crowd.
Ticket:"That's all I have to say, Rajendra. All I know is that they found me in the Azad Maidan in the morning. But I was back in the world I know. Well, where exactly did I spend those two days that I was away from here?
Rajendra was stunned by the tale. It took him a while to answer.
"Professor, just before you collided with the truck, what were you doing?" asked Rajendra.
"I've been thinking about the catastrophe theory and its implications for history."
"Right! I thought so!" Rajendra smiled.
"Don't smile smugly. In case you think it was just my mind playing tricks and my imagination running wild, watch this.
And triumphantly, Professor Gaitonde presented his decisive evidence: a page torn from a book.
Rajendra read the text on the printed page and his face changed. The smile was gone, replaced by a serious expression. He was visibly excited.
meaning of the word
catastrophe theory– is a branch of mathematics concerned with systems that exhibit discontinuous changes
smug- show excessive satisfaction
Lok- behave in an uncontrolled manner
Triumphantly- win a fight
Explanation of the above passage -The Master spoke to Rajendra. He told her everything he had seen and experienced in those days. He said he was found in the Azad Maidan the next morning and is now back in the real world he was familiar with. He wanted to know where he had spent the two days of his unconsciousness.
Rajendra was amazed at the narration and answered after a while. He asked the teacher what he was thinking just before he hit the truck. The professor replied that he was thinking about the catastrophe theory. He also asked Rajendra not to smile too smugly. That's not what my mind was playing with me. To win the argument, the teacher took the printed page and Rajendra was shocked.
Ticket:Gangadharpant extended his lead. “I accidentally kept the bakhar when I left the library. I found out my mistake when paying for my meal. He wanted to return it the next morning. But it seems that the book got lost in Azad Maidan's confusion; Only this torn page remains. And fortunately for me, the page contains vital evidence." Rajendra read the page again. He described how Vishwasrao narrowly missed the bullet; and how this event, taken as an omen by the Maratha army, turned the tide in their favour .
"Now look at this." Gangadharpant produced his own copy of Bhausahebanchi Bakhar, open the relevant page. The account worked like this:
…And then Vishwasrao led his horse into close combat where the elite troops were fighting and charged them. And God expressed his displeasure. He was hit by the bullet.
"Professor Gaitonde, you've got me thinking. Until I saw this physical evidence, I had simply attributed his experience to fantasy. But facts can be stranger than fantasies, as I'm beginning to realize.
"Facts? What are the facts? I really want to know!" said Professor Gaitonde.
meaning of the word
Explanation of the above passage -The master informed Rajendra that he accidentally put the bakhar in his left pocket and intended to return it the next morning. But the book was torn off and lost in the huge crowd on Azad Maidan. This page is proof of the book that I stole. Rajendra read the page again and described how Vishwarao missed the bullet. Then he showed him his own copy of Bakhar and the lyrics were different. He said that Vishwarao was hit by the bullet.
Rajendra told the professor that as he read the evidence, he began to realize that it was not a fantasy. He wanted the professor to know some facts.
Ticket:Motioning him to be still, Rajendra began pacing the room, obviously under great mental strain. Finally he turned and said: "Professor Gaitonde, I will try to rationalize your experiment on the basis of two scientific theories known today. Whether I can convince you of the facts is up to you to judge, for you must have had a fantastic experience: or rather, a catastrophic experience!
"Please continue, Rajendra! I'm all ears,” Professor Gaitonde replied. Rajendra kept walking as he spoke.
“You heard a lot about catastrophe theory in this seminar. Let's apply it to the Battle of Panipat. Open face-to-face wars provide excellent examples of this theory. The Maratha army faced Abdali's troops in the Panipat field. There were not great differences between the latter's troops and the opposing forces. His armor was comparable. Therefore, much depended on the leadership and morale of the troops. The timing of the assassination of Vishwasrao, Peshwa's son and heir, proved to be a turning point. As the story goes, his uncle Bhausaheb rampaged and was never seen again. It is not known if he died in battle or survived. But for the troops of the time, this blow of losing their leaders was crucial. They lost morale and fighting spirit. Total defeat followed.
meaning of the word
Fail- A defeat
Explanation of the above passage -Rajendra explained that this was a disastrous experience he just had. The teacher told him to keep going. He told the professor to apply the catastrophe theory to the Battle of Panipat. The armies of Abdali and Maratha were equal in terms of troops and strength. His grenade was also comparable, but victory depended on the leadership and morale of the troops.
The point at which the Marathas were killed was the turning point of the battle. Vishwarao's uncle ran into the crowd and was never seen again. No one knows if he survived or died. The troops lost morale and fighting spirit and it was a defeat for them.
Ticket:"Exactly, master! And what you have shown me on this torn page is the course of the battle when the bullet missed Vishwasrao. A crucial event happened in a different way. And its effect on the troops was also reversed. It boosted their morale and added that extra momentum that made the difference,” said Rajendra.
"Perhaps. Similar claims are made about the Battle of Waterloo, which Napoleon could have won. But we live in a unique world that has a unique history. This "it could have been" idea is good for speculation purposes but not for reality," Gangadharpant said.
"I don't agree with you there. This actually brings me to the second point, which may be unfamiliar to you; but please listen to me,” Rajendra said.
Gangadharpant listened expectantly as Rajendra continued. "What do we mean by reality? We experience it directly with our senses or indirectly through instruments. But is it limited to what we see? Do you have other manifestations?
meaning of the word
impulses– the force with which the body moves
Manifestation– the action of showing something; demonstration
Explanation of the above passage -Rajendra went on to say that the torn page he was reading was about how events took a different turn and everything happened differently than they knew. The professor added that similar claims are made about the Battle of Waterloo, where various texts speak of "it might have been". Rajendra then made his second point, which is how we experience reality. It happens through our senses or with the help of instruments. But is reality really limited to what we see, or is it a demonstration?
Ticket:“That reality may not be unique was discovered through experiments on very small atomic systems and their components. When dealing with such systems, the physicist discovered something surprising. The behavior of these systems cannot be definitively predicted, even if all the physical laws governing these systems are known.
"Take an example. I shoot an electron from a source. Where are you going? If I shoot a bullet from a gun at a certain speed in a certain direction, I know where it will be later. But for the electron I cannot make such a statement. It could be here, there, anywhere. At most I can give the probabilities of being found at a certain time in a certain place.
“The lack of determinism in quantum theory! Even an ignorant historian like me has heard of it,” said Professor Gaitonde.
meaning of the word
affirmation- a sure statement of fact
determinism- a doctrine that all events are caused by external will
quantum theory– a theory of matter and energy based on quantum mechanics.
we do not know- an ignorant person
Explanation of the above passage -Rajendra explained that reality is not the same, it was established by experiments with small atoms and their particles. Physicists studied such a system and found something surprising. They found that the behavior of such systems cannot be predicted.
He gave an example of an electron. When you have fired a bullet from a gun. You would know where it's going, but you can't predict the electron. We may provide probabilities of where you are at any given time and location. The professor added "the absence of determinism," meaning the absence of a doctrine caused by an external will. He added that he had heard from him too.
Ticket:“Then imagine many images of the world. In one world the electron is here, in another it is there. In another it is in another place. Once the observer has figured out where it is, we know what world we are talking about. But all of these alternate worlds could exist in the same way." Rajendra paused to collect his thoughts.
"But is there a contact between these many worlds?" asked Professor Gaitonde.
"Yes and no! Imagine, for example, two worlds. In both, an electron orbits the nucleus of an atom..."
"Like planets around the sun..." Gangadharpant interjected. "Not exactly. We know the exact trajectory of the planet. The electron could be orbiting in any of a large number of specific states. These states can be used to identify the world. In state #1 we have the electron in a higher Energy State In state #2 you are in a lower energy state.You can jump from high to low energy and emit a pulse of radiation.Or a pulse of radiation can take you from state #2 to state #1.Transitions are in microscopic systems. What if it happened at the macroscopic level," Rajendra said.
meaning of the word
Marshall-to collect something
Necessary -error free; correct
trajectory -the path followed by a flying projectile
Explanation of the above passage -As Rajendra collected his thoughts, he told the professor that the electron is found in one world here and another somewhere other than the Third World. It can be in different places. Once the observer knows the correct position of the electrons in each world, it may happen that an alternative world exists at the same time. The professor asked if there was a contact between these many worlds. Rajendra told him that maybe it wouldn't happen. He said that in both worlds the electron orbits the nucleus of an atom.
The teacher added an example of planets and sun. Rajendra said, not exactly as in the case of planets, we know the path that planets follow. But it's different with electrons. When an electron is in state 1, it has higher energy. In state 2 it has a lower energy. It can happen that the electron jumps from a higher position to a lower one. These transitions take place at the microscopic level, but what if they took place at the macroscopic level?
Ticket:"I understand you! Are you implying that I went from one world to another and back?" Gangadharpant asked.
"As fantastic as it sounds, that's the only explanation I can offer. My theory is that catastrophic situations offer radically different alternatives for the world to move forward. As far as reality is concerned, all alternatives seem viable, but the viewer can only experience one at a time.
“The transition allowed you to experience two worlds, albeit one at a time. The one you live in now and the one you spent two days in. One has the story we know, the other a different story. The division or bifurcation took place at the Battle of Panipat. You have traveled neither to the past nor to the future. You were in the present, but you experience a different world. Likewise, of course, there must be many more different worlds that arise from forks at different times.
When Rajendra finished, Gangadharpant asked the question that was beginning to trouble him. "But why did I change?"
meaning of the word
Explanation of the above passage -The teacher told him that he went to another world and came back. Rajendra said that was the only explanation he could offer at this point. According to him, in disaster situations there can be different alternatives and somewhere the viewer can experience one reality after another.
Rajendra added that the professor transitioned into and experienced two worlds one after the other, one where he lives and the other where he spent his last two days. This world has the story you know and another has different facts. The Battle of Panipat had de facto divisions on both worlds. He said that the professor has not traveled to the past or future, but is in the present, experiencing different worlds. There may be more worlds emerging from the fission at different times. The teacher asked why only he made the transition.
Ticket:"If I knew the answer, it would solve a big problem. Unfortunately, there are many unanswered questions in science, and this is one of them. But that doesn't stop me from guessing. Rajendra smiled and continued, "It takes some interaction to trigger a transition. Perhaps you were thinking about catastrophe theory and its role in wars at the time of the collision. You may be wondering about the Battle of Panipat. Maybe the neurons in his brain acted as triggers."
"A good guess. I really wondered what direction the story would have gone if the outcome of the battle had been the opposite," said Professor Gaitonde. "That would be the subject of my 1000th Presidential Address."
"You are now in the fortunate position of being able to tell your real life experiences instead of just speculating," laughed Rajendra. But Gangadharpant meant business.
"No, Rajendra, I was making my thousandth speech at the Azad Maidan when I was rudely interrupted. No. Professor Gaitonde, who disappeared while defending his chair on the podium, will never again be seen chairing any other session. I offer my condolences to the organizers of the Panipat seminar.”
meaning of the word
Explanation of the above passage -Rajendra replied that he didn't know why he made the switch but he could guess. At the time of the collision, the professor was thinking about the catastrophe theory and its role in the war. Maybe he was thinking about the Battle of Panipat at the time, the neurons in his brain acted as triggers and transitions.
The professor confessed that he was thinking about what would happen if the fight had gone the other way and speaking about it in his 1000th Presidential speech. Rajendra laughed and said that now he can happily tell his true life experiences instead of just wondering about it. The professor was serious and told him that during his 1000th Presidential Address at Azad Maidan, he was rudely interrupted by the crowd and the speaker. Professor Gaitonde, defending his chair on stage, had to leave and would not be seen again in another session. He also expressed his condolences to the organizers of the seminar.
Adventure class 7 explainer video, part 4
important video links
|Lesson 11 Key Questions Videos||Class 11 English Hornbill and Snapbook Video MCQ|
|Lesson 11 Book of Snapshots Explanation by chapters||Wise Class 11 Hornbill Book Chapter Explanation|
Adventure class 7 explainer video, part 5
The Adventure of Questions and Answers
understand the text
I. Check the statements that are true.
1. The story is an account of real events.
2. The story revolves around a specific historical event.
3. Rajendra Deshpande was a historian.
4. The locations mentioned in the story are all fictitious.
5. The story attempts to relate history to science.
Age: 1. Wrong
II. Briefly explain the following statements from the text.
1. “You have traveled neither to the past nor to the future. You were in the present and experienced another world.”
Answer: This statement was said by Rajendra to Professor Gaitonde. Transitioning from one world to another, he had a real life experience in an alternate reality for two days. For him it was one experience after another. He traveled neither into the past nor into the future. He was in the present all the time.
2. "You had an amazing experience: or rather, a disastrous experience."
Answer: This statement was said by Rajendra to Professor Gaitonde. When he was hit by the truck, he pondered the catastrophe theory and his role in the war. He was unconscious in the hospital for the next two days, but he found himself in an alternate world where he experienced many things in real life that were not true in the real world he actually lives in. He realized the setting was different and so were the facts of the story. So he had had a catastrophic experience.
3. Gangadharpant could not help but compare the land he knew with what he experienced around him.
Answer: Gangadharpant Gaitonde witnessed various events in history namely the fall of Marathas and British rule. But here, in another world, the reality was different. Marathas had won the battle of Panipat and there was no slavery among the white man. India was free and here people respected each other. Comparing two different facts from the same country, he liked this different version of India better.
4. "The lack of determinism in quantum theory!"
Answer: The lack of determinism means the scientist's inability to know where the electron would go. In physics, quantum theory means that you can measure how energy is created and in which direction electrons can move. This happened when the professor saw two different stories in the case of the Battle of Panipat. In one reality the Marathas won the war and in another they lost the battle. The same happened in the case of the Battle of Waterloo.
5. "You need an interaction to trigger a transition."
Answer: Professor Gaitonde was thinking about the theory of catastrophes and their role in the war before the truck collision. He wondered what would happen if the outcome of the battle of Panipat were different. When he hit the truck, the neurons in his brain changed. Rajendra explained this to the teacher when he could not understand why only he made the transition.
talk about the text
1. Discuss the following statements in groups of two pairs, each pair in a group with opposing views.
(i) A single event can change the course of a nation's history.
After all, a single event can change the course of a nation's history. In the case of the Battle of Panipat, when the Marathas won the war. The course of history changed and resulted in a different shape of India. British rule ended and India soon became a democratic nation. The people were no longer slaves to the white man. India was self-sufficient and respectful.
Cons: It is a matter of perspective that a single event can change the course of a nation's history. As Rajendra explains in this chapter, it is a catastrophic phenomenon that the Battle of Panipat had two histories on different worlds. Likewise, there can be different worlds with different histories of the same nation.
(ii) Reality is what is experienced directly through the senses.
Answer: To: When Gangadharpant experienced another reality in another world for two days, he even brought back a torn page from Bakhar's book. I experienced different realities one after the other. It happened because of the lack of determinism in quantum theory and catastrophe theory. We feel our reality with our taste buds, hearing, seeing, smelling and touching.
Cons: Reality has no right to the senses. Electrons can move in any direction at any time. They don't have a set path to travel. While we can predict the direction of the bullet being fired, we cannot predict the same about electrons.
(iii) The research methods of history, science and philosophy are similar.
Because: The research methods of history, science and philosophy are similar. In this chapter history, philosophy and science meet, and Professor Gaitonde has experienced different events and realities in two different worlds. In one world, the Battle of Panipat was won by the Marathas and in another by the Mughals. Later, Rajendra explained to him the catastrophe theory and the lack of determinism. This explained to us how history and science came together. Likewise, truth in philosophy is relative.
Cons: It is wrong to say that the research methods of history, science and philosophy are similar. In the chapter, Rajendra tried to explain the facts with a disastrous theory that certainly convinced the professor, but not us. Philosophy is speculative while science is about the exact fact that is proven. The story is based on a series of events and how they shaped the existing reality. The chapter is a science fiction in which the author tries to show the convergence of three different topics, but in reality he uses different methods.
2. (i) The story is called "The Adventure". Compare it to the adventure described in We Are Not Afraid to Die...
Answer: "We are not afraid to die..." is the story of a family who went on a sea voyage with their two children and two crew members. The challenge was to keep her alive and safely to shore when the storm hit the sea and damaged her boat. His experience was real and painful. On the other hand, Professor Gaitonde's experience was resourceful. After his collision, he traveled the world in his mind as he was unconscious for two days.
(ii) Why do you think Professor Gaitonde decided never to chair meetings again?
Answer: In another world, the teacher noticed the empty presidential chair on the stage of the ongoing lecture. He tried to sit on it, since it shouldn't be empty. Over the loudspeaker he was asked to step aside. Later, when he started speaking into the microphone, the audience wasn't ready to hear him. They threw many objects at him and asked him to leave. They physically lifted him off the stage.
These experiences caused the professor to never lead meetings again.
think about language
1. What language do you think Gangadharpant and Khan Sahib spoke? What language did Gangadharpant speak to the English receptionist?
Answer: Gangadharpant and Khan Sahib spoke to each other in Hindi. On the other hand, Gangadharpant spoke to the English receptionist in English.
2. What language do you think Bhausahebanchi Bakhar was written in?
Answer: It was written in Marathi language.
3. Three communities are mentioned in the story: the Marathas, the Mughals, the Anglo-Indians. What language do you think they used in their communities and when speaking to the other group?
Answer: Muslims spoke Urdu, Marathas spoke Marathi and Anglo-Indians spoke English in their communities.
4. Do you think that the governed always adopt the language of the ruler?
Answer: Yes, the ruled have always adopted the language of the ruler.
work with words
I. Tick the item that comes closest to the following sentences.
1. have problems with
A. (iii) disagree
A. (i) to express
(i) be physically strong
(ii) be independent
(iii) stand upright
A. (ii) be independent
4. be liquidated
(i) become active
(ii) cease operations
(iii) be transformed
(iv) be destroyed
A. (ii) Cease Trading
5. to find a pair
(i) find a partner who has similar tastes
(ii) face an opponent
(iii) find someone as capable as you
(iv) face defeat
A. (iii) Finding someone as capable as you
II. Distinguish the following pairs of sentences.
1. (i) Is warvisibletouched.
2. (i) Green and black stripes were usedAlternative.
(ii) Green stripes can be used orAlternativeNegro.
3. (i) The team played both gamessuccessful.
(ii) The team has played two gamesafter another.
4. (i) The librarian spokeRespectfulto the learned scholar.
(ii) You can find the historian and scientist in the archaeological and natural science sections of the museum.or..
1. (i) clearly
(ii) visual disturbances
2. (i) sequentially
(ii) not place of
3. (i) successful
4. (i) Dignity
(ii) same order
ADDITIONAL INTERNET QUESTIONS FROM THE CHAPTER "The Adventure"
Q1 Who is Khan Sahib?
A. Khan Sahib was a passenger on the Jijamata Express. I traveled to Peshawar. He told countless stories about life in India, so different from the India Professor Gaitonde knew.
Q2. Why did the teacher want to leaf through the history books?
A. The teacher looked up the details of the Battle of Panipat in the history books. He found that a shot had just grazed Vishwasrao's ear and escaped death.
Q3 Where did the Jijamata Express go?
A. The Jijamata sailed from Pune to Bombay.
Q4 What did Gaitonde notice when the train entered British Raj territory?
A. When he got off at Victoria Terminus and saw the headquarters of the East India Company. The professor was surprised that the East India Company had gone out of business after the events of 1857, but he saw before his eyes that the company was doing well. He concluded that history had taken a different turn. Walking down Hornby Road he found offices of Lloyds, Barclays and other British banks instead of Boots andGrandes Almacenes Woolworth.
Q5. What was the teacher doing in the town hall library?
A. The professor went to the Asiatic Society library to understand this alternative version of the story. He asked for a list of history books, including his own. He went through all five volumes and found that the change had taken place in the last, which took place at the Battle of Panipat.
He looked up details of the battle in a book, Bhausahebanchi Bakhar, and found that a bullet had just grazed Vishwasrao in the ear and he had escaped death. As Gangadharpant left the library, he absentmindedly tore out some pages and put them in his left pocket.
See also:CBSE English Lessons Class 11 – Summary and Explanation